Building a skills matrix is essential if your organization employs huge teams and has a(n) unclear or confusing hierarchy. When tracking skill levels across an organization or within a specific department, nothing beats a simple skill matrix for its effectiveness and ease of use.
A skills matrix provides your HR and L&D departments with a straightforward plan of action to boost efficiency and better use of scarce resources. For example, decisions about hiring, promoting, and other forms of talent development, such as upskilling and reskilling, might benefit from the information provided by the matrix.
As it gives a visual representation of the knowledge, abilities, and experience necessary for a specific job, a well-populated and tailored skills matrix can aid human resources in filling key positions rapidly. This article will help you grasp the fundamentals of a skills matrix, allowing you to improve employee productivity and design practical training courses.
Here is a rundown of what you’ll find:
- What Exactly Is a Skills Matrix?
- What Is a Skills Matrix Template Used For?
- The Benefits of Skills Matrix Template
- Exactly What Is the Importance of a Skills Matrix Template?
- Creating A Skills Matrix Template: Step-By-Step Instructions
- Skills Matrix Example and Template
What Exactly Is a Skills Matrix?
Talent, team, and department success may be easily tracked using a skills matrix that details each group’s unique talents, education, and work experience. In addition, it can keep track of qualifications for specific jobs or positions.
Compiling information from the matrix might aid in conducting competency assessments and evaluations within your organization. Human Resources and Training and Development Departments might gain the most from using a skills matrix.
Ability matrices can take the form of anything from a basic two-column Excel table to a complex graphic with multiple data points. The gaps between the available skill sets and the necessary soft skills and technical abilities can be shown through a completed skills matrix.
A matrix can be made from scratch or modified from an existing template, depending on the requirements of your organization.
What Is a Skills Matrix Template Used For?
Project managers can use an employee skills matrix template to determine if their team has all the necessary abilities. The matrix provides a snapshot of your current skill set and highlights where you may be lacking in crucial personnel.
A skills matrix template can also map abilities across a whole group, division, or company. Once again, this helps you identify significant skill gaps so that you may train your current staff better or bring in new personnel.
The Benefits of a Skills Matrix Template
There are many advantages to using a skills matrix template when hiring and training the right people for the job.
Finding the Best Candidate for the Position
The ability to quickly locate and employ the most qualified individuals for any given project or assignment is only one of the many advantages of using a skills matrix template.
You can move projects along more quickly and use available resources better. Using a skills matrix template to divide work and resources is a highly effective management strategy.
Finding out Where Your Skill Sets Could Be Improved
By filling out a skills matrix template, you can locate weak spots in your team, division, or company. By doing so, we can identify any weaknesses preventing the company from reaching its full potential.
When you know where your company is lacking in some regions of expertise, you can design training programs to fill those gaps and boost your workforce’s effectiveness. Small-scale team performance can also be improved by identifying and addressing individual deficiencies.
Be economical with the use of available means. One of the many benefits of using a skills matrix template is the ease with which experts may be shuffled between teams and assigned to projects based on their specific skill sets.
Spending less time interviewing and selecting candidates means more money saved and more output produced.
Tracking Professional Progress
Although helpful for this purpose, an employee skills matrix’s applications extend far beyond this. It might also be a regular reminder to assess your career and see where you are.
The L&D team can utilize the employee matrix to evaluate the impact of their training initiatives. The matrix helps compare progress toward targets and evaluate employee efforts. They are also useful for anyone trying to determine a career route and develop weak areas.
The Hiring Procedure Needs to Be Sped Up
A skills matrix template can serve as a ready-made summary of the abilities and competencies that qualified candidates must possess to effectively fill the unfilled position when key personnel leaves the company.
As a result, the Human Resources team will have much more time to dedicate to ensuring high-quality output. Assist in removing discrimination from the selection procedure. Confirmation bias and affinity bias are two examples of unconscious biases that can surface during an interview.
Employing a skills matrix template to standardize the qualifications for a position can help mitigate the risk of hiring the wrong person out of personal bias. In addition, you can locate your next team member on Upwork if you have an employee skills matrix template and know what you’re searching for in a candidate.
When you submit a job ad with a detailed description of the role you’re trying to fill, you’ll be able to find talented freelancers who are interested in working with you.
Precisely What Is the Importance of a Skills Matrix Template?
In a data-driven business, skills matrices are indispensable, especially to the HR department and the leaders of the project management teams. In addition, matrixes are fantastic for maintaining a centralized database of your company’s personnel’s credentials, experience, and knowledge.
When implemented correctly, they boost productivity within teams and increase profits. In addition, when properly constructed, an employee skill matrix facilitates team organization by highlighting necessary skill sets in light of project specifications.
Creating a thorough employee skill matrix is essential to ensure that your project is finished quickly and effectively by the most competent team members. In addition, the human resources department can use this information if they need to fill open positions by advertising for specific skill sets.
Simultaneously, it may be used to plan workers’ vacations while ensuring enough individuals available with the right abilities.
Distinction between a Competency Matrix and a Skills Matrix
- They are fundamentally equivalent in that they both have the same idea. The only nuance is in context and degree of use.
- Though the appraisal of an employee’s talents is the bulk of a skills matrix; it is only a tiny percentage of the total information the person possesses.
- As a competency matrix should cover knowledge, abilities, and mindsets; it should also contain its skill matrix.
- Managers typically develop and use competency matrices to assess current levels of expertise, spot knowledge gaps, and formulate strategic plans.
Creating an Employee Skill Matrix: Step-By-Step Instructions
Make a Database of Abilities
An organization’s talent database lists all the necessary abilities for a specific position, team, or undertaking.
The next step is to identify the necessary abilities by collecting and classifying examples of them into broad and specific headings, such as communication.
- Technical Skills
- Data Analysis
- Graphic Design
Determine the necessary talents in as much detail as possible, keeping in mind that “soft” skills like communication, teamwork, and dependability are equally as crucial as “hard” skills like knowledge of technology or processes.
To get started, focus on the fundamentals, which are the most important. They need to be relevant to the job or the company. Although, remember that the more information you have, the better decisions you can make. Asking more seasoned workers for advice is an excellent method to develop a role-specific skill set.
Consult experienced workers or department heads to compile a list of skills needed at each level (beginning, senior, intermediate, and advanced). Doing so will save time and gain insight into strengths you might have overlooked. Using a learning platform with this capability is one method to automate this process.
We developed a comprehensive editorial capabilities competencies matrix. It facilitates the creation of new categories and subcategories and the modification and removal of existing ones.
You may also give each group a numerical value to help you rank them in order of importance. In any case, Google or Excel spreadsheets will also do the trick.
Make a Marking Scheme
Users’ competency or skill levels can be ranked using a grading system. First, compile a list of abilities; the next step is to establish criteria by which they will be evaluated. For example, junior, Middle, and Senior could be examples of skill levels in the IT field.
Remember that there may be variations in grading methods among organizations, industries, functions, and teams. Therefore, your company’s best action will depend on your analysis. As an example, we use the following scale for evaluations:
Awareness: One who is “aware” of something has learned the fundamentals but hasn’t put them into practice in the workplace.
Novice: Someone who has used the skill but may still require assistance.
Professional: Someone who has used the talent before and is comfortable doing it independently. Responds quickly and effectively to issues—the ability to mentor and assist lower-level workers.
Expert: “expert” refers to someone with much experience using the talent in question. Possess the ability to converse with clients and mentor colleagues on the subject.
Maintains familiarity with developments in the field and imparts this information to peers. A person with this talent level may have obtained formal recognition for it.
Leading-Edge Specialist: To be considered a leading-edge specialist, one must have a broad perspective in a position to advise and engage in dialogue with clients on specifics.
Participates in proactive knowledge sharing, such as blogging, conference presentations, or participation in “Dev Days.” Maintains proficiency by keeping up with developments in the field.
Depending on its size and scope, you may need many grading systems for various parts of the organization.
Evaluate Your Employees’ Skills
Various methods can be used for this purpose, each with advantages and disadvantages. Nevertheless, we tried to rank them according to their speed and precision.
Self-Evaluation: Individual employees rate their proficiency in several areas.
Manager Evaluation: Evaluation by the manager, in which employees’ abilities are ranked.
Team or Client Evaluation: Team abilities can be assessed in several ways, including collecting feedback from clients and co-workers.
Skills Assessment: Employees’ abilities can be assessed by administering tests and quizzes and observing performance in the workplace.
Certification: It is a quick and reliable way to assess expertise, but not all workers have it, and not all experts can be validated.
We suggest you begin with self-evaluation and credentials to see results quickly. Then, encourage your staff to rate their abilities on a scale from one to ten and upload relevant certificates.
Skills assessment, or a combination of methodologies, can provide a more precise evaluation.
Check the Expertise of Each Employee
The next step is to assess how well each worker performs in each of the chosen abilities. Again, a straightforward scale, such as a scale from 0 to 3, would be appropriate for ranking this. Take this scale as an example:
A score of 0 indicates an inability to do anything, one an intermediate level of competence, two a high level of competence, and three a high level of expertise. Asking workers to rate their performance is a straightforward way to get an accurate picture of their level of expertise in each area.
Although this technique can be helpful in some situations, it may not always provide a precise image of your employees’ abilities because some tend to underestimate them.
In contrast, others tend to overstate them. Therefore, 360-degree feedback is preferable, gathering data from employees, their peers, and superiors. Combining all this data gives you a better grasp of each employee’s abilities.
Evaluate Each Team Member’s Interest Levels
Employee enthusiasm for using each talent should also be factored into your employee skills matrix plan. It’s possible, for instance, that a current IT worker with prior experience in customer service possesses relevant talents but is disinclined to put them to use.
Ask your staff if they would be interested in using each ability on your matrix from a 0 (no interest) to a 1 (very interested) scale (at least some interest).
Plot Your Information into the Employee Skills Matrix Plan
Ultimately, you’ll want to compile this data into an employee skills matrix. Typically, this takes the form of a straightforward table detailing the abilities and preferences of each worker with regard to the various skills available.
When you’ve completed your matrix, you may scan down each column to see if your team has the expertise to carry out a particular task.
Mistakes While Creating an Employee Skills Matrix Plan
Listed below are some common mistakes that first-time competency matrix creators should try to avoid at all costs:
Requiring Knowledge That Is Not Relevant
Only the skills that are genuinely relevant to the project should be included in the matrix; otherwise, you may mistakenly believe that there are gaps in your team’s capabilities that need to be filled.
Making Only One Type of Evaluation
It’s not always a good idea to rely exclusively on employee self-assessments or manager evaluations of employees’ performance. Instead, the best results can be achieved by combining various assessment forms.
Not Considering the Potential to Learn
It’s not always necessary to bring in new employees immediately if your current staff lacks the required expertise for a specific project. However, with proper training, workers can improve their abilities.
Downloadable Skills Matrix Example and Template
You’ll find a skills matrix template and an example of a completed skills matrix below to help you see the result.
A Basic Competency employee Matrix
If you want to make a matrix, here’s a basic outline. Excel-compatible fillable versions are also available for download.
A Matrix for Assessing IT Professionals’ Skills
If you’re working on an IT project as a team, you may evaluate everyone’s abilities with the help of this PowerPoint skills matrix template. Technical and management expertise are necessary for this undertaking (all in one table).
The legend comprises numerals from 1 to 5, which represent the employee’s grade (highest level). For example, as an efficient technique to validate the talents and knowledge of his team members, a manager might use an employee skills matrix.
This employee skills matrix plan lays out employee talents in many fields of expertise. It can also be used to gauge people’s enthusiasm for future projects that make use of these talents in the workplace. This resource is easily accessible for evaluation and regular updates.
This template can be used to manage and track an individual’s training requirements by revealing any deficiencies in the team’s knowledge and abilities throughout the evaluation phase. It can also serve as information provided during a review of performance.
The first stage in creating a skill matrix is to define each employee’s job, function, and responsibility, as well as the necessary set of skills and abilities.
The effectiveness of your teams and the completion of your projects can be improved using a skills matrix. They can allow employees to understand their skills and those of their colleagues and help managers provide further aid or training when a team is missing in a particular area.
In Excel, How Do You Make a Skills Matrix Template?
Using our printable template, you can quickly design a skills matrix template in Excel. First, type in your employees’ names and your desired capabilities, and then use the drop-down boxes to enter each employee’s competency and interest levels.
Where Do Competency Matrixes Differ from Skill Matrixes?
Competency matrices are commonly used interchangeably with skills matrices; however, they are slightly different tools. Competencies go beyond just skills and include knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, which all boils back to the distinction between the two.
A competency matrix is a more comprehensive tool typically used by top-level management to get insight into the existing talent pool, identify skill gaps, and facilitate workforce planning.
How Can You Correctly Map Your Employees’ Skills on A Skills Matrix Template?
A reliable method of assessing employees’ abilities is necessary for precisely plotting their profiles on a skills matrix template. In addition, you can collect fair and comprehensive 360-degree feedback on managers and employees alike, from reviews of managers to reviews of employees to evaluations of managers by employees.